PENTTILÄ GARDENS COTTAGES

NEDERLANDS
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Hiking in Finland - Rapala Rocks, along nature trails and wilderness trails.

Hiking through the woods to the Rapala Kallio.

The Rapala caves and rocks were born as a result of earthquakes. The ice age modelled the bedrock into caves and crevasses. During the so called Greater Wrath (1714-1721) people went there to hide from the enemy.

The Greater Wrath

Refers to the Russian invasion and subsequent military occupation of Finland from 1714 until the treaty of Nystad 1721, which ended the Great Northern War. During this war Finnish troops fought in Russia and Poland. They were also deployed in large numbers in defense of the Baltic territories. They slowly succumbed to Peter the Great's attacks. After the disaster of Poltava in 1709, the shattered continental army provided very little help. Russia captured the old city of Viipuri in 1710 and invaded the rest of Finland in 1713, defeating the Finnish army in the battles of Pälkäne in 1713 and Storkyro (Isokyrö) in February, 1714.

After the victory at Isokyrö, Mikhail Golitsyn became governor of Finland. Finns began waging partisan warfare against the Russians. As retaliation, the Finnish peasants were forced to pay large contributions to the occupying Russians (as was the custom in that time). Plundering was widespread, especially in Ostrobothnia and in communities near the major roads. Churches were looted, Isokyrö was burned to the ground. A scorched earth zone several hundred kilometers wide was burned to hinder Swedish counteroffensives. About 5,000 Finns were killed and some 10,000 taken away as slaves, of whom only a few thousand would ever return. Thousands, especially officials, also fled to the (relative) safety of Sweden. The poorer peasants hid in the woods to avoid the ravages of the occupiers and their press-gangs. Atrocities were at their worst between 1714-17 when the infamous Swedish Count Gustaf Otto Douglas, who had defected to the Russian side during the war, was in charge of the occupation.

Even the Swedish western side of the Gulf of Bothnia was ravaged by the Russians. The city of Umeå was burned to the ground by the Russians on September 18, 1714, and after struggling to rebuild was razed again in 1719, 1720, and 1721.

It took several decades for the Finnish population and economy to recover after the peace in 1721, at which point Finland was scourged again during the Lesser Wrath, which was less devastating. The Rapala Rcrevasses is one of the places where the people took shelter or hid from the plundering and murdering occupiers.

Partly quoted from Wikipedia

 

 

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